A statement of the latest legislation issued for the benefit of Egyptian women over the past 15 years

First: Legislative Amendments in the Personal Status Law :

1. Law No. 1 of 2000 regulating some of the status and procedures of litigation in matters of personal status and the provisions of Article 19 of the right to divorce from undocumented marriage if the marriage is fixed by any writing in article 20 of the wife's right to divorce.

2. Law No. 91 of 2000, adding Article 76 ter of the imposition of the penalty of imprisonment to refrain from paying the debt of alimony.

3. Law No. 10 of 2004 establishing family courts (as a specialized court).

4. Law No. 11 of 2004 establishing the Family Insurance System Fund by Nasser Social Bank.

5. Act No. 4 of 2005 raising the age of custody to 15 years.

Second: Legislative Amendments in Labor Laws :

1. Law No. 12 of year 2003 promulgating the Unified Labor Law and its many rights for working women, their children, family and health, and so on.

2. The Civil service law Act No. 47 of 1978 and the amendments thereto, especially in 2005, providing part-time jobs

3. Civil Service Act 2015 and 2016.

Third: Legislative Amendments in the Penal Code :

1. Law No. 95 of 2003 amending the Egyptian Penal Code No. 58 of 1973 on aggravating penalties for sexual assault on women.

2. Act No. 147 of 2006 amending the Egyptian Penal Code No. 58 of 1973 on aggravating the penalty of sexual assault on women.

3. Law No. 126 of 2008 amending the Children's Code and introducing Article 242 to put a penalty for Female genital mutilation

4. Decree-Law No. 11 of 2011 amending the Egyptian Penal Code No. 58 of 1973 on aggravating the penalty of assault on women and establishing a punishment for sexual harassment.

5. Decree-Law No. 50 of 2014 amending the Egyptian Penal Code No. 58 of 1973 to aggravate the penalty of harassment and add a new article that defines it

6. Law No. 78 of 2016 amending the Egyptian Penal Code No. 58 of 1976 on aggravating female genital mutilation.

Fourth: Legislative Amendments in Different Legislation :

1. Act No. 154 of 2004 amending the Nationality Law No. 26 of 1975, which provided the right of children to the Egyptian mother in Egyptian nationality.

2 - The unified tax law No. 91 of 2005 and amended by Law No. 11 of 2013 and abandonment of masculinity tendency in its provisions and recognition of women as family breadwinners.

3. Law No. 126 of 2008 amending the Children's Law No. 12 of 1996 and the provisions on early marriage and the penalty of a notary (ma’duhn) in the case of a marriage contract for those who have not attained the age of 18 years and the right of the custodial mother in the educational mandate to her children and establish a nursery in every prison so as to leave the children of female prisoners, And until the child reaches four years and also amend the internal regulations of the prisons by resolution No. 1058 for the year 2008 to increase the times and the length of the visit of the child to his mother who is imprisoned.

4- Law No. 64 of 2010 on combating human trafficking.

5 - Law of Parliament No. 46 of 2014, which conditioned on a number of seats for women in the lists system.

6. Law No. 23 of 2012 on the system of health insurance for women who depend on the imposition of health insurance for the breadwinning women and recognition of their existence in society.

7 - The Supreme Constitutional Court ruling No. 243 of judicial year 21 of 4th November 2000 unconstitutionality of the provisions of Article 8 and 11 of Law No. 97 of 1959 on the issuance of passports and the fall of Article 3 of the Minister of Internal affair's Resolution No. 3973 of 1996, which conditions the husband's consent to issue a passport for the wife and replaced by the first article of the Law No. 1 of 2000 on the jurisdiction of the temporal issues judge in considering the disputes of travel of either spouse.


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